Cervical Health Awareness Month is January in the USA. Women are highly encouraged to make appointments and get their cervix checked. Cervical Screening, a Pap Test and a Pap Smear are some of the tests for cervix check. Every year, there are more than 13,000 women diagnosed with cervical cancer in the USA alone.
What is Cervix
The cervix is part of the female reproductive system. It is the lower and narrow part of the uterus. It is about 3 to 4 cm long. Connective tissue and muscles are what composes the cervix.
What does the Cervix do
The cervix has many functions that is why cervical health is very important. It connects the body of the uterus to the vagina. Part of it contains glands that make and release mucus.
The mucus is thick. It stops sperm from entering the uterus during menstrual cycle and pregnancy.
On the other hand, during pregnancy, the cervix widens, allowing the baby to pass through the birth canal.
Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix.
Most cervical cancer is caused by various strains of the human papillomavirus or HPV. HPV is a sexually transmitted viral infection. When exposed to HPV, our body’s immune system prevents the virus from doing harm. However, for some, the virus survives for years. This survival causes some cervical cells to become cancer cells.
In short, you can reduce your risk of developing cervical cancer by having screening tests and receiving a vaccine that protects against HPV infection.
Is there a cure for HPV
Medication for bacterial infections cannot treat HPV. Antiviral medications that are clinically proven treatments for HPV are still nonexistent.
Skin to skin contact of the genital area is how HPV can be passed from one another. As a result, anyone who has ever been sexually active can have HPV. It is more common in young and sexually active people.
In addition, your doctor might be able to diagnose you by looking at your genital warts.
Medications are typically applied directly to the affected area to treat genital warts. It also usually takes many applications before they become successful. Example medications would be Salicylic Acid, Imiquimod, and Podofilox.