Cholesterol

What is cholesterol and What medication can lower Cholesterol. 

Everyone has cholesterol in their blood. It is a type of blood fat needed by the body for many things, such as building the cell lining, making bile acids (which help to digest food) and some hormones. However, too much cholesterol can be a problem.

Cholesterol is present in many foods and is also made in your body by the liver. If your body makes too much cholesterol or you have too much cholesterol in your diet, then your level becomes too high.

High cholesterol is more likely to occur with certain diseases or if you have a family history of high cholesterol.

There are different types of cholesterol. LDL, or low-density lipoprotein, is the ‘bad’ cholesterol that can block your blood vessels. HDL, or high density lipoprotein, cholesterol is the ‘good’ cholesterol that is thought to remove the bad cholesterol from the blood vessels.

When you have high levels of ‘bad’ cholesterol in your blood, it may begin to ‘stick’ to the inside of your blood vessels instead of being carried to the parts of the body where it is needed. Over time, this can form hard areas, also called plaque, on the walls of your blood vessels, making it more difficult for the blood to flow. Sometimes, the plaque can detach from the vessel wall and float in the bloodstream; it can then reach a smaller vessel and completely block it. This blocking of your blood vessels can lead to several types of blood vessel disease, heart attack, angina and stroke.

There is another type of blood fat called triglyceride, which is a source of energy. However, high levels of triglyceride can be associated with a low level of ‘good’ cholesterol and may increase your risk of heart disease.

In most people, there are no symptoms of abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels. Your doctor can measure your levels with a simple blood test.

Cholesterol Lowering Medication

Visit: http://www.heartandstroke.ca/heart/risk-and-prevention/condition-risk-factors/high-cholesterol

Common medications to Treat Cholesterol

Statins include:

  • Atorvastatin (Lipitor)
  • Fluvastatin (Lescol)
  • Lovastatin
  • Pitavastatin (Livalo)
  • Pravastatin (Pravachol)
  • Rosuvastatin calcium (Crestor)
  • Simvastatin (Zocor)

Niacin

  • Niaspan

Targeting Triglycerides: Fibrates

  • Fenofibrate
  • Gemfibrozil (Lopid)

Drugs that Work in Your Intestine

  • Cholestyramine (Prevalite)
  • Colesevelam (WelChol)
  • Colestipol (Colestid)